The CNEAI is the body within ANECA responsible for the evaluation of research activity for the purposes of assigning the corresponding retribution complements, as per applicable regulations.

As a consequence of the modification of article 32, the Universities Act, Organic Law 6/2001 of 21 December, by article 7 of Law 15/2014 of 26 September on the rationalisation of the public sector and other measures of administrative reform, the Autonomous Body ANECA was appointed to perform the evaluation tasks that hitherto had fallen to the CNEAI (Spanish National Commission for Research Evaluation).